Personality Psychology and Behavioral Dynamics
Location: Room 207, Psychology
Time: Fridays 9:00-12:00
Instructor: Brent W. Roberts
Office hours Tuesdays 10:00 a.m. or by appointment
Phone #: 3-2644
This course is designed to give graduate students an overview of current research and debate in the field of personality psychology. This is a survey course, which provides a wide-ranging overview of major topics in personality psychology. This class is designed to give students a broad view of the existing literature with the hope that students will delve into specific topics in greater depth in other classes or on their own.
The weekly meetings will include a review of the target area and discussion of the assigned readings. All articles and chapters should be read before class and students should be ready to discuss the material.
Class Participation: Students are expected to participate in class either through providing questions and comments about the readings or through providing overviews of specific readings. Contributions to discussions can be made orally in class, or you can post discussion questions to the class via the collaborative Google doc (see below). Overviews in class will be brief 5 to 10-minute recaps of readings to remind everyone of what we read. Class participation constitutes 50% of the final grade.
The Google Document. A second way of participating will be the course Google Document. In an effort to both document the information we discuss and to provide alternative methods of participating, I’d like the class to work collaboratively on a Google Doc. The document will list each reading and a set of questions that should be answered for each reading. My hope is that the document can and will be used by students to help them study for the final. It may also help those who are planning to take the qualifying exams in personality psychology.
Final exam: A final exam will be given during the scheduled final exam period. The exam will be designed to give students a preview of the qualification exams given to Ph.D. students in the SPO Psychology program. The exam will be worth 40% of your final grade.
Literature search: Please pick one of the course topics from the lists below (or a topic that you think should be on the list) and find the 10 of the most interesting/important/most cited papers for that topic and submit them to me for future cohorts to read (10% of the grade).
I understand that computers are now ubiquitous in the classroom, but to the extent that you can, please don’t use your lap top in this seminar. The ideal graduate seminar, from my experience, is one in which ideas are discussed. Typing notes during class hinders thinking and discussion. As this is not a lecture course, nor a course where you will be tested on the “correct” answer (read: whatever I say), taking notes is unnecessary. Also, the temptation to wander over to social media and email is too tempting (just look at faculty in meetings for the worst culprits–there are no angels). Come to class prepared to engage with the material, not consume the material. If you still feel compelled to take notes, please take them long hand. I will be happy to display the readings on the overhead in the seminar room if you would like to refer to specific passages in each reading.
The readings will be posted to the psych 541 web site as the semester proceeds. The papers in bold with a hyperlink are the assigned readings. The remaining readings are for those who would like to delve deeper into a topic.
Jan 20: The overviews (no class, but do the reading anyway)
Cervone, D. (2004). The Architecture of Personality. Psychological Review, 111, 183-204.
Funder, D. C. (2001). Personality. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 197-221.
Lubinski, D. (2000). Assessing individual differences in human behavior: “Sinking shafts at a few critical points,” Annual Review of Psychology, 51, 405-444.
Mayer, J. D. (2005). A Tale of Two Visions: Can a New View of Personality Help Integrate Psychology? American Psychologist, 60, 294-307.
McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T., Jr. (2008). The five-factor theory of personality. In L. A. Pervin & O. P. John, & R.W. Robins (Eds.), Handbook of personality theory and research (Vol. 3). New York: Guilford Press.
Mischel, W. (2004). Toward an Integrative Science of the Person. Annual Review of Psychology, 55, 1-18.
Mischel, W., & Shoda, Y. (1995). A cognitive-affective system theory of personality: reconceptualizing situations, dispositions, dynamics, and invariance in personality structure. Psychological review, 102(2), 246.
Mischel, W., & Shoda, Y. (2008). Toward a unified theory of personality. In L. A. Pervin & O. P. John, & R.W. Robins (Eds.), Handbook of personality theory and research (Vol. 3). New York: Guilford Press.
Revelle, W., Wilt, J., Condon, D.M. (2011). Individual differences and differential psychology: A brief history and prospect. In Camoorro-Premuzic, Furnham, & von Stumm (eds). Handbook of Individual Differences.
Swann, W. B. Jr. & Seyle, C. (2005). Personality psychology’s comeback and its emerging symbiosis with social psychology. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 31, 155-165.
Jan 27: The overviews, continued
Dunlop, W. L. (2015). Contextualized personality, beyond traits. European Journal of Personality, 29(3), 310-325.
Poropat, A. E., & Corr, P. J. (2015). Thinking bigger: The Cronbachian paradigm & personality theory integration. Journal of Research in Personality, 56, 59-69.
Feb 3: Dispositions
Cramer, A.O.J., van der Sluis, S., Noordhof, A., Wichers, M., Geschwind, N., Aggen, S.H., Kendler, K.S., Borsboom, D. (2012). Dimensions of normal personality as networks in search of equilibrium: You can’t like parties if you don’t like people. European Journal of Personality, 26, 414-431.
Funder, D. C. (1991). Global traits: A neo-Allportian approach to personality. Psychological Science. 2, 31-39.
Johnson, J. A. (1997). Units of analysis for the description and explanation of personality. Hogan, Robert (Ed); Johnson, John A (Ed); Briggs, Stephen R (Ed). (1997). Handbook of personality psychology. (pp. 73-93). San Diego, CA, US: Academic Press.
Perugini, M., Costantini, G., Hughes, S., & De Houwer, J. (2016). A functional perspective on personality. International Journal of Psychology, 51(1), 33-39.
Pietromonaco, P. R., & Beck, L. A. (in press). Attachment processes in adult romantic relationships. In J. A. Simpson & J. Dovidio (Eds.) Handbook of interpersonal relations and group processes. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Roberts, B.W. (2009). Back to the Future: Personality and Assessment and personality development. Journal of Research in Personality, 43, 137-145.
Roberts, B. W., & Jackson, J. J. (2008). Sociogenomic personality psychology. Journal of Personality, 76, 1523-1544.
Shiner, R. L. (2006), Temperament and personality in childhood. In D. K. Mroczek & T. Little (Eds.), Handbook of personality development. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Tellegen, A. (1991). Personality traits: Issues of definition, evidence, and assessment. Cicchetti, D. & Grove, W. M. (Eds). Thinking clearly about psychology: Essays in honor of Paul E. Meehl, Vol. 2: Personality and psychopathology. (pp. 10-35). Minneapolis, MN, US: University of Minnesota Press.
Feb 10: Personality trait structure
Anusic, I., Schimmack, U., Pinkus, R.T., & Lockwood, P. (2009). The nature and structure of correlations among Big Five ratings. The Halo-Alpha-Beta model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97, 1142-1156.
Ashton, M. C., & Lee, K. (2007). Empirical, theoretical, and practical advantages of the HEXACO model of personality structure. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 11, 150-166.
Brocklebank, S., Pauls, S., Rockmore, D., & Bates, T. C. (2015). A spectral clustering approach to the structure of personality: Contrasting the FFM and HEXACO models. Journal of Research in Personality, 57, 100-109.
De Raad, B., Barelds, D.P.H., Levert, E., Ostendorf, F., Mlacic, B., Di Blas, L., Hrebickova, M., Szirmak, Z., Svarota, P., Perugini, M., Church, A.T., & Katigbak, M.S. (2010). Only three factors of personality description are fully replicable across languages: A comparison of 14 trait taxonomis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98, 160-173.
Hofstee, W. K., De Raad, B., & Goldberg, L. R. (1992). Integration of the big five and circumplex approaches to trait structure. Journal of personality and social psychology, 63(1), 146.
John, O. P., Naumann, L. P., & Soto, C. J. (2008). Paradigm shift to the Big Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and conceptual issues. In John, O. P., Robins, R. W., & Pervin, L. A. (Eds.), Handbook of Personality Theory and Research (pp. 114-158). New York: Guilford.
Krueger, R. F., & Markon, K. E. (2014). The role of the DSM-5 personality trait model in moving toward a quantitative and empirically based approach to classifying personality and psychopathology. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 10, 477-501.
Markon, K. E., Krueger, R. F., & Watson, D. (2005). Delineating the structure of normal and abnormal personality: An integrative hierarchical approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88, 139-157.
McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T. Jr. (1997). Personality trait structure as a human universal. American Psychologist, 52, 509-516.
Goldberg, L. R. (1993). The structure of phenotypic personality traits. American Psychologist, 48, 26-34.
Gurven, M., von Rueden, C., Massenkoff, M., Kaplan, H., & Vie, M.L. (2012). How universal is the Big Five? Testing the Five-Factor Model of personality variation among forager-farmers in the Bolivian Amazon. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
Saucier, G. (2009). Recurrent personality dimensions in inclusive lexical studies: indications for a Big Six structure. Journal of Personality, 75, 1578-1614.
Saucier, G. (2009). What are the most important dimensions of personality? Evidence from studies of descriptors in diverse languages. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 3/4, 620-637.
Saucier, G., Thalmayer, A. G., Payne, D. L., Carlson, R., Sanogo, L., Ole‐Kotikash, L., … & Szirmák, Z. (2014). A basic bivariate structure of personality attributes evident across nine languages. Journal of Personality, 82(1), 1-14.
Shackman, A. J., Tromp, D. P., Stockbridge, M. D., Kaplan, C. M., Tillman, R. M., & Fox, A. S. (2016). Dispositional negativity: An integrative psychological and neurobiological perspective.
Tacket, J.L., Slobodskaya, H.R., Mar, R.A., Deal, J., Halverson, C.F., Jr., Baker, S.R., Pavlopoulos, V., Besevegis, E. (2012). The hierarchical structure of childhood personality in five countries: Continuity from early childhood to early adolescence. Journal of Personality, 80, 847-879.
Thalmayer, A. G., & Saucier, G. (2014). The Questionnaire Big Six in 26 Nations: Developing Cross‐Culturally Applicable Big Six, Big Five and Big Two Inventories. European Journal of Personality, 28(5), 482-496.
Wood, D., Nye, C.D., Saucier, G. (2010). Identification and measurement of a more comprehensive set of person-descriptive trait markers from the English lexicon. Journal of Research in Personality, 44, 258-272.
Feb 17: Motives/Interests
Austin, J.T., & Vancouver, J.B. (1996). Goal constructs in psychology: Structure, process and content. Psychological Bulletin, 120, 338-375.
Bleidorn, W., Kandler, C., Hülsheger, U. R., Riemann, R., Angleitner, A., & Spinath, F. M. (2010). Nature and nurture of the interplay between personality traits and major life goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99, 366–379. doi: 10.1037/a0019982
Denzinger, F., Backes, S., Job, V., & Brandstätter, V. (2016). Age and gender differences in implicit motives. Journal of Research in Personality, 65, 52-61.
Dweck, C. S., & Leggett, E. L. (1988). A social-cognitive approach to motivation and personality. Psychological Review, 95, 256-273.
Emmons, R. A. (1986). Personal strivings: An approach to personality and subjective well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1058-1068.
Eccles, J. Who am I and what am I going to do with my life? Personal and collective identities as motivators of action. Educational Psychologist, 44, 78-89.
Elliott, A. J., Thrash, T.M., & Murayama, K. (2011). A longitudinal analysis of self-regulation and well-being: Avoidance personality goals, avoidance coping, stress generation, and subjective well-being. Journal of Personality, 79, 643-674.
Emmons, R. A., & McAdams, D. P. (1991). Personal strivings and motive dispositions: Exploring the links. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 6, 648-654.
Higgins, E. T. (1987). Self-discrepancy: A theory relating self and affect. Psychological Review, 94, 319-340.
Kordik, A., Eska, K., & Schultheiss, O.C. (2012). Implicit need for affiliation is associated with increased corrugator activity in a non-positive, but not in a positive social interaction. Journal of Research in Personality, 46, 604-608.
Prentice, M., Halusic, M., & Sheldon, K. M. (2014). Integrating Theories of Psychological Needs‐as‐Requirements and Psychological Needs‐as‐Motives: A Two Process Model. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 8(2), 73-85.
Schultheiss, O. C., Wiemers, U. S., & Wolf, O. T. (2014). Implicit need for achievement predicts attenuated cortisol responses to difficult tasks. Journal of Research in Personality, 48, 84-92.
Sheldon, K. M., Ryan, R. M., Deci, E. L., & Kasser, T. (2004). The independent effects of goal contents and motives on well-being: It’s both what you pursue and why you pursue it. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30, 475–486.
Slabbinck, H., De Houwer, J. and Van Kenhove, P. (2013), Convergent, Discriminant, and Incremental Validity of the Pictorial Attitude Implicit Association Test and the Picture Story Exercise as Measures of the Implicit Power Motive. Eur. J. Pers., 27: 30–38. doi:10.1002/per.1846
Stoll, G., Rieger, S., Lütdke, O., Nagengast, B., Trautwein, U., Roberts, B.W. (in press). Vocational interests at the end of High School predict life outcomes assessed 10 years later over and above IQ and Big Five personality traits. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
Su, R., & Rounds J. (in press). All STEM fields are not created equal: People and things interests explain gender disparities across STEM fields. Frontiers in Psychology.
Feb 24: Attachement (Fraley)
Fraley, R. C., & Shaver, P. R. (2017). Attachment theory and its place in contemporary personality research. In O. John, & R. W. Robins (Eds.), Handbook of Personality: Theory and Research (4th Edition). New York: Guilford Press. Chapter DRAFT under review.
Noftle, E. E., & Shaver, P. R. (2006). Attachment dimensions and the big five personality traits: Associations and comparative ability to predict relationship quality. Journal of research in personality, 40(2), 179-208.
Fraley, R. C., Roisman, G. I., Booth-LaForce, C., Owen, M. T., & Holland, A. S. (2013). Interpersonal and genetic origins of adult attachment styles: A longitudinal study from infancy to early adulthood. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104, 8817-838.
March 3: Abilities (Briley)
Card, D., & Giuliano, L. (2016). Universal screening increases the representation of low-income and minority students in gifted education. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(48), 13678-13683.
Deary, I. J. (2011). Intelligence. Annual Review of Psychology, 63, 453–82.
Deary, I. J., Whiteman, M. C., Starr, J. M., Whalley, L. J., & Fox, H. C. (2004). The Impact of Childhood Intelligence on Later Life: Following Up the Scottish Mental Surveys of 1932 and 1947. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 130-147.
Kaplan, J.S., (2012). The effects of shared environment on adult intelligence: A critical review of adoption, twin, and MZA studies. Developmental Psychology, 48, 1292-1298.
Kuncel, N.R., & Hezlett, S.A. (2010). Fact and fiction in cognitive ability testing for admissions and hiring decisions. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 19, 339-345.
Kuncel, N. R., Hezlett, S. A., & Ones, D. S. (2004). Academic Performance, Career Potential, Creativity, and Job Performance: Can One Construct Predict Them All? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 148-161.
Johnson, W., & Bouchard, T. J. Jr. (2005). The structure of human intelligence: It is verbal, perceptual, and image rotation (VPR), not fluid and crystallized. Intelligence, 33, 393-416.
Joseph, D.L., & Newman, D.A. (2010). Emotional intelligence: An integrative meta-analysis and cascading model. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95, 54-78.
Van Der Maas, H. L., Dolan, C. V., Grasman, R. P., Wicherts, J. M., Huizenga, H. M., & Raijmakers, M. E. (2006). A dynamical model of general intelligence: the positive manifold of intelligence by mutualism. Psychological review, 113(4), 842.
Nisbett, R.E., Aronson, J., Blair, C., Dickens, W., Flynn, J., Halpern, D.F., Turkheimer, E. (2012). Intelligence: New findings and theoretical developments. American Psychologist, 67, 130-159.
Sackett, P.R., Kuncel, N.R., Beatty, A.S., Rigdon, J.L., Shen, W., & Kiger, T.B. (2012). The role of socioeconomic status in SAT-grade relationships and in college admissions decisions. Psychological Science, 23, 1000-1007.
Tucker-Drob, E. M., Briley, D. A., & Harden, K. P. (2013). Genetic and environmental influences on cognition across development and context. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(5), 349-355.
March 10: Ideology (Stern)
Graham, J., Haidt, J., & Nosek, B. A. (2009). Liberals and conservatives rely on different sets of moral foundations. Journal of personality and social psychology, 96(5), 1029.
Greenberg, J., & Jonas, E. (2003). Psychological motives and political orientation–the left, the right, and the rigid: comment on Jost et al. (2003).
Jost, J. T., Glaser, J., Kruglanski, A. W., & Sulloway, F. J. (2003). Political conservatism as motivated social cognition. Psychological bulletin, 129(3), 339.
Kandler, C., Bleidorn, W., & Riemann, R. (2012). Left or right? Sources of political orientation: The roles of genetic factors, cultural transmission, assortative mating, and personality. Journal of personality and social psychology, 102(3), 633.
March 17: Evolutionary personality
Buss, D. (2008). Human nature and individual differences: The evolution of human personality. In O. P. John, R. W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin (Eds.), Handbook of personality: Theory and research (pp. 29-60). New York: Guilford.
Dall, S.R.X., Houston, A.I., Mcnamara, J.M. (2004) The behavioural ecology of personality: Consistent individual differences from an adaptive perspective. Ecology Letters, 7, 734-739.
Fiddick, L., Brase, G. L., Ho, A. T., Hiraishi, K., Honma, A., & Smith, A. (2016). Major personality traits and regulations of social behavior: Cheaters are not the same as the reckless, and you need to know who you’re dealing with. Journal of Research in Personality, 62, 6-18.
Fraley, R. C., Brumbaugh, C. C., & Marks, M. J. (2005). The evolution and function of adult attachment: A comparative and phylogenetic analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 731-746.
Hutteman, R., Bleidorn, W., Penke, L., & Denissen, J. J. (2013). It takes two: A longitudinal dyadic study on predictors of fertility outcomes. Journal of personality, 81(5), 487-498.
Lukaszewski, A.W. (in press). Testing an Adaptationist Theory of Trait Covariation: Relative Bargaining Power as a Common Calibrator of an Interpersonal Syndrome. European Journal of Personality
Nettle, D. (2006). The evolution of personality variation in humans and other animals. American Psychologist, 61, 622-631.
Penke, L., Denissen, J. J. A., & Miller, G. F. (2007). The evolutionary genetics of personality. European Journal of Personality, 21, 549-587.
Sherman, R. A., Figueredo, A. J., & Funder, D. C. (2013). The behavioral correlates of overall and distinctive life history strategy. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 105(5), 873-888.
Sundie, J.M., Kenrick, D.T., Griskevicius, V., Tybur, J.M., Vohs, K.D., Beal, D.J. (2010). Peacocks, Porsches, and Thorstein Veblen: Conspicuous consumption as a sexual signaling system. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
Trivers, R.L. (1971). The evolution of reciprocal altruism. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 46, 35-57.
Tybur, J.M., Lieberman, D., & Griskevicius, V. (2009). Microbes, mating, and morality: Individual differences in three functional domains of disgust. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97, 103-122.
Wolf, M., van Doorn, G. S., Leimar, O., & Weissing, F. J., (2007). Life history trade-offs favor the evolution of animal personalities. Nature, 447, 581-584.
March 24th: Spring Break
March 31: Behavior genetics
Bates, T.C., & Lewis, G.J. (2012). Towards a genetically informed approach in the social sciences: Strengths and opportunities. Personality and Individual Differences, 53, 374-380.
Houts, R.M., Caspi, A., Pianta, R.C., Arseneault, L., & Moffitt, T.E. (2010). The challenging pupil in the classroom: The effect of the child on the teacher. Psychological Science.
Johnson, W., Penke, L., Spinath, F.M. (2011). Heritability in the era of molecular genetics: Some thoughts for understanding genetic influences on behavioral traits. European Journal of Personality, 25, 254-266.
Kendler, K.S., Eaves, L.J., Loken, E.K., Pederson, N.L., Middledorp, C.M., Reynolds, C., Boomsa, D., Lictenstein, P., Silberg, J., & Gardner, C.O. (2012). The impact of environmental experiences on symptoms of anxiety and depression across the life span. Psychological Science.
Krueger, R. F. & Johnson, W. (2008). Behavioral Genetics and Personality: A New Look at the Integration of Nature and Nurture. HPTR, Chapter 10.
McGue, M. (2010). The end of behavioral genetics? Behavior Genetics, 40, 284-296.
Riemann, R., Kandler, C., & Bleidorn, W. (2012). Behavioral genetic analysis of parent twin relationship quality. Personality and Individual Differences.
South, S. C., & Krueger, R. F. (2008). An interactionist perspective on genetic and environmental contributions to personality. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 2, 929-948.
Spengler, M., Gottschling, J., Spinath, F.M. (2012). Personality in childhood—A longitudinal behavior genetic approach. Personality and Individual Differences, 53, 411-416.
Vukasović, T., & Bratko, D. (2015). Heritability of personality: A meta-analysis of behavior genetic studies. Psychological bulletin, 141(4), 769.
April 7: Personality and molecular genetics (Derringer)
Benca, C. E., Derringer, J. L., Corley, R. P., Young, S. E., Keller, M. C., Hewitt, J. K., & Friedman, N. P. (2016). Predicting Cognitive Executive Functioning with Polygenic Risk Scores for Psychiatric Disorders. Behavior Genetics, 1-14.
Chabris, C.F., Hebert, B.M., et al. (2012). Most reported genetic associations with general intelligence are probably false positives. Psychological Science.
Cole, S.W. (2010). Elevating the perspective on human stress genomics. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 35, 955-962.
Charney, E. (2011). Behavior genetics and post genomics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences.
Derringer, J., Corley, R. P., Haberstick, B. C., Young, S. E., Demmitt, B. A., Howrigan, D. P., … & Brown, S. (2015). Genome-wide association study of behavioral disinhibition in a selected adolescent sample. Behavior genetics, 45(4), 375-381.
Derringer, J., Krueger, R.F. et al. (2010). Predicting sensation seeking from dopamine genes: A candidate-system approach. Psychological Science, 9, 1282-1290.
Derringer, J., Krueger, R.F., Dick, D.M., et al (2012). The aggregate effect of dopamine genes on dependence symptoms among cocaine users: Cross-validation of a candidate system scoring approach. Behavior Genetics, 42, 626-635.
Gibson, G. (2012). Rare and common variants: Twenty arguments. Nature Reviews, 13, 135-145.
Miller, G.E., Chen, E., Fok, A.K., Walker, H., Lim, A., Nicholls, E.F., Cole, S., & Kobar, M.S. (2009). Low early-life social class leaves a biological residue manifested by decreased clucocorticoid and increased proinflammatory signaling. Proceedings of the National Academies of Science, 106, 14716-14721.
Munafo, M.R., & Flint, J. (2011). Dissecting the genetic architecture of human personality. Trends in Cognitive Science, 15, 395-400.
Okbay, A., Baselmans, B. M., De Neve, J. E., Turley, P., Nivard, M. G., Fontana, M. A., … & Gratten, J. (2016). Genetic variants associated with subjective well-being, depressive symptoms, and neuroticism identified through genome-wide analyses. Nature genetics.