Psych 541 Personality and Behavior Dynamics, spring 2015

Personality Psychology and Behavioral Dynamics

Psychology 541

Spring 2015

Location: Psych 508

Time: Wednesdays 9:00-12:00

Instructor: Brent W. Roberts

Office: 411

Office hours: Tuesdays 10:00 a.m. or by appointment

Phone #: 3-2644



This course is designed to give graduate students an overview of current research and debate in the field of personality psychology. This is a survey course, which provides a wide-ranging overview of current topics in personality psychology. Students interested in personality theory, personality assessment, behavior genetics, or attachment theory should take other courses (Psych 567, 593, etc.). Moreover, complete courses can and are given on individual facets of each week’s topics. Thus, this class is designed to give students a broad view of the existing literature with the hope that students will delve into specific topics in greater depth.

Course structure:

The weekly meetings will include a review of the target area and discussion of the assigned readings. All articles and chapters should be read before class and students should be ready to discuss the material.

Course requirements:

Class Participation: Students are expected to participate in class either through providing questions and comments about the readings or through providing overviews of specific readings. Contributions to discussions can be made orally in class, or you can post discussion questions to the class via email before we meet. Please send questions at least 1 hour before we meet. If you would like to contribute questions but forgo a public discourse, feel free to email me your questions before class. Overviews in class will be brief 10-minute recaps of readings to remind everyone of what we read. I will run the seminar “old school” style, in which I will call on you at random to provide the overview for one of the readings or to discuss a topic. Therefore, you should come to class prepared to present a quick overview of each reading, each week. Class participation constitutes 50% of the final grade.
Final exam: A final exam will be given during the scheduled final exam period. The exam will be designed to give students a preview of the qualification exams given to Ph.D. students in the Psychology program. The exam will be worth 40% of your final grade.
Literature search: Please pick one of the course topics from the lists below (or a topic that you think should be on the list) and find the 10 of the most interesting/important/most cited papers for that topic and submit them to me for future cohorts to read (10% of the grade).

Course etiquette 

I understand that computers are now ubiquitous in the classroom, but to the extent that you can, please don’t use your lap top in this seminar.  The ideal graduate seminar, from my experience, is one in which ideas are discussed.  Typing notes during class hinders thinking and discussion.  As this is not a lecture course, nor a course where you will be tested on the “correct” answer (read: whatever I say), taking notes is unnecessary.  Also, the temptation to wander over to social media and email is too tempting (just look at faculty in meetings for the worst culprits–there are no angels).  Come to class prepared to engage with the material, not consume the material.  If you still feel compelled to take notes, please take them long hand.  I will be happy to display the readings on the overhead in the seminar room if you would like to refer to specific passages in each reading.


The readings will be posted to the psych 541 web site as the semester proceeds. I will post more papers than we will read so that you can explore a topic in more detail if you want.

Jan 21: Inspiration

Carlson, R. (1981). Studies in script theory I: Adult analogs of a child nuclear scene. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 40, 501-510.

Caspi, A., Bem, D.J., & Elder, G.H., Jr. (1989). Continuities and consequences of interactional styles across the life course. Journal of Personality, 57, 375-406.

Cuijpers, P., Smit, F., penninx, B., de Graaf, R., ten Have, M., Beekman, A. (2010). Economic costs of neuroticism. Archives of General Psychiatry, 67, 1086-1093.

Feldman, G., Zayfert, C., Sandoval, L., Dunn, E., & Cartreine, J. A. (2013). Reward responsiveness and anxiety predict performance of Mount Everest climbers. Journal of Research in Personality, 47(1), 111-115.

Jokela, M., Bleidorn, W, Lamb, M.E., Gosling, S.D., & Rentfrow, P.J. (in press). Geographically varying associations between personality and life satisfaction in the London metropolitan area.  Proceedings from the National Academies of Science.

Maddi, S. (1984). Personology for the 1980s. In R. A. Zucker, J. Aronoff, and A. I. Rabin (Eds.), Personality and the Prediction of Behavior (pp. 7-41). Orlando, FL: Academic Press.

McAdams, D.P. (1995). What do we know when we know a person? Journal of Personality, 63, 365-396.

McAdams, D.P. (2011). George W. Bush and the redemptive dream: A psychological portrait. Chapter 1. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ozer, D. J. & Benet-Martinez, V. (2006). Personality and the prediction of consequential outcomes. Annual Review of Psychology, 57, 201-221.

Smith, S. F., Lilienfeld, S. O., Coffey, K., & Dabbs, J. M. (2013). Are psychopaths and heroes twigs off the same branch? Evidence from college, community, and presidential samples. Journal of Research in Personality, 47(5), 634-646.

Tang, T. Z., DeRubeis, R. J., Hollon, S. D., Amsterdam, J., Shelton, R., & Schalet, B. Personality change during depression treatment: A placebo-controlled trial. Archives of General Psychiatry, 66, 1322–1330.

Tucker-Drob, E. M., Cheung, A. K., & Briley, D. A. (in press). Gross domestic product, science interest and science achievement: A person-by-nation interaction. Psychological Science

Jan 28: The overviews

Cervone, D. (2004). The Architecture of Personality. Psychological Review, 111, 183-204.

Funder, D. C. (2001). Personality. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 197-221.

Lubinski, D. (2000). Assessing individual differences in human behavior: “Sinking shafts at a few critical points,” Annual Review of Psychology, 51, 405-444.

Mayer, J. D. (2005). A Tale of Two Visions: Can a New View of Personality Help Integrate Psychology? American Psychologist, 60, 294-307.

Mayer, J. D. (2014). An Integrated View of Personality Psychology Using the Personality Systems Framework. Journal of Research in Personality.

McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T., Jr. (2008). The five-factor theory of personality. In L. A. Pervin & O. P. John, & R.W. Robins (Eds.), Handbook of personality theory and research (Vol. 3). New York: Guilford Press.

McAdams, D. P., & Pals, J. L. (2006). A new Big Five: Fundamental principles for an integrative science of personality. American Psychologist, 61, 204–217.

Mischel, W. (2004). Toward an Integrative Science of the Person. Annual Review of Psychology, 55, 1-18.

Revelle, W., Wilt, J., Condon, D.M. (2011). Individual differences and differential psychology: A brief history and prospect. In Camoorro-Premuzic, Furnham, & von Stumm (eds). Handbook of Individual Differences.

Roberts, B. W. (2006). Personality development and organizational behavior (Chapter 1, pp 1-41). In B. M. Staw (Ed.). Research on Organizational Behavior. Elsevier Science/JAI Press.

Swann, W. B. Jr. & Seyle, C. (2005). Personality psychology’s comeback and its emerging symbiosis with social psychology. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 31, 155-165.

The what

Feb 4: Dispositions

Fleeson, W., & Jayawickreme, E. (2014). Whole trait theory. Journal of Research in Personality.

Funder, D. C. (1991). Global traits: A neo-Allportian approach to personality. Psychological Science. 2, 31-39.

Roberts, B. W., & Jackson, J. J. (2008). Sociogenomic personality psychology. Journal of Personality, 76, 1523-1544.

Roberts, B.W. (2009). Back to the Future: Personality and Assessment and personality development. Journal of Research in Personality, 43, 137-145.

Pietromonaco, P. R., & Beck, L. A. (in press). Attachment processes in adult romantic relationships. In J. A. Simpson & J. Dovidio (Eds.) Handbook of interpersonal relations and group processes. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Note: This paper requires a password, which is: attachlab.

Cramer, A.O.J., van der Sluis, S., Noordhof, A., Wichers, M., Geschwind, N., Aggen, S.H., Kendler, K.S., Borsboom, D. (2012). Dimensions of normal personality as networks in search of equilibrium: You can’t like parties if you don’t like people. European Journal of Personality, 26, 414-431.

Shiner, R. L. (2006), Temperament and personality in childhood. In D. K. Mroczek & T. Little (Eds.), Handbook of personality development. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Johnson, J. A. (1997). Units of analysis for the description and explanation of personality. Hogan, Robert (Ed); Johnson, John A (Ed); Briggs, Stephen R (Ed). (1997). Handbook of personality psychology. (pp. 73-93). San Diego, CA, US: Academic Press.

Tellegen, A. (1991). Personality traits: Issues of definition, evidence, and assessment. Cicchetti, D. & Grove, W. M. (Eds). Thinking clearly about psychology: Essays in honor of Paul E. Meehl, Vol. 2: Personality and psychopathology. (pp. 10-35). Minneapolis, MN, US: University of Minnesota Press.

Feb 11: Personality trait structure

Anusic, I., Schimmack, U., Pinkus, R.T., & Lockwood, P. (2009). The nature and structure of correlations among Big Five ratings. The Halo-Alpha-Beta model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97, 1142-1156.

Ashton, M. C., & Lee, K. (2007). Empirical, theoretical, and practical advantages of the HEXACO model of personality structure. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 11, 150-166.

De Raad, B., Barelds, D.P.H., Levert, E., Ostendorf, F., Mlacic, B., Di Blas, L., Hrebickova, M., Szirmak, Z., Svarota, P., Perugini, M., Church, A.T., & Katigbak, M.S. (2010). Only three factors of personality description are fully replicable across languages: A comparison of 14 trait taxonomis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98, 160-173.

Boele De Raad, Dick P. H. Barelds, Marieke E. Timmerman, Kim De Roover, Boris Mlačić and A. Timothy Church (2014). Towards a Pan-cultural Personality Structure: Input from 11 Psycholexical Studies, European Journal of Personality (pages 497–510)

Goldberg, L. R. (1993). The structure of phenotypic personality traits. American Psychologist, 48, 26-34.

Gorbaniuk, O., Budzińska, A., Owczarek, M., Bożek, E. and Juros, K. (2013), The Factor Structure of Polish Personality‐Descriptive Adjectives: An Alternative Psycho‐lexical Study. Eur. J. Pers., 27: 304–318. doi:10.1002/per.1921

Gurven, M., von Rueden, C., Massenkoff, M., Kaplan, H., & Lero Vie, M. (2013). How universal is the big five? testing the five-factor model of personality variation among forager–farmers in the bolivian amazon. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104(2), 354-370. doi:

John, O. P., Naumann, L. P., & Soto, C. J. (2008). Paradigm shift to the Big Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and conceptual issues. In John, O. P., Robins, R. W., & Pervin, L. A. (Eds.), Handbook of Personality Theory and Research (pp. 114-158). New York: Guilford.

Markon, K. E., Krueger, R. F., & Watson, D. (2005). Delineating the structure of normal and abnormal personality: An integrative hierarchical approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88, 139-157.

McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T. Jr. (1997). Personality trait structure as a human universal. American Psychologist, 52, 509-516.

Revelle, W., & Wilt, J. (2013). The general factor of personality: A general critique. Journal of research in personality, 47(5), 493-504.

Roivainen, E. (2013). Frequency of the use of English personality adjectives: Implications for personality theory. Journal of Research in Personality, 47(4), 417-420.

Saucier, G. (2009). Recurrent personality dimensions in inclusive lexical studies: indications for a Big Six structure. Journal of Personality, 75, 1578-1614.

Saucier, G. (2009). What are the most important dimensions of personality? Evidence from studies of descriptors in diverse languages. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 3/4, 620-637.

Saucier, G., Thalmayer, A. G., & Bel-Bahar, T. (2014). Human attribute concepts: Relative ubiquity across twelve mutually isolated languages. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 107(1), 199-216. doi:

Saucier, G., Thalmayer, A. G., Payne, D. L., Carlson, R., Sanogo, L., Ole‐Kotikash, L., … & Zhou, X. (2014). A basic bivariate structure of personality attributes evident across nine languages. Journal of personality, 82(1), 1-14.

Singh, J. K., Misra, G. and De Raad, B. (2013), Personality Structure in the Trait Lexicon of Hindi, a Major Language Spoken in India. Eur. J. Pers., 27: 605–620. doi:10.1002/per.1940

Tacket, J.L., Slobodskaya, H.R., Mar, R.A., Deal, J., Halverson, C.F., Jr., Baker, S.R., Pavlopoulos, V., Besevegis, E. (2012). The hierarchical structure of childhood personality in five countries: Continuity from early childhood to early adolescence. Journal of Personality, 80, 847-879.

Wang, Z., Chen, N., Petrill, S. A. and Deater‐Deckard, K. (2013), Observed Personality in Childhood: Psychometric and Behavioural Genetic Evidence of Two Broad Personality Factors. Eur. J. Pers., 27: 96–105. doi:10.1002/per.1886

Wood, D., Nye, C.D., Saucier, G. (2010). Identification and measurement of a more comprehensive set of person-descriptive trait markers from the English lexicon. Journal of Research in Personality, 44, 258-272.

Valchev, V. H., van, d. V., Nel, J. A., Rothmann, S., & Meiring, D. (2013). The use of traits and contextual information in free personality descriptions across ethnocultural groups in south africa. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104(6), 1077-1091. doi:

Vroman, L. N., Lo, S. L., & Durbin, C. E. (2014). Structure and convergent validity of children’s temperament traits as assessed by experimenter ratings of child behavior. Journal of Research in Personality, 52, 6-12.

Feb 18: Motives/Interests

Austin, J.T., & Vancouver, J.B. (1996). Goal constructs in psychology: Structure, process and content. Psychological Bulletin, 120, 338-375.

Bleidorn, W., Kandler, C., Hülsheger, U. R., Riemann, R., Angleitner, A., & Spinath, F. M. (2010). Nature and nurture of the interplay between personality traits and major life goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99, 366–379. doi: 10.1037/a0019982

Dweck, C. S., & Leggett, E. L. (1988). A social-cognitive approach to motivation and personality. Psychological Review, 95, 256-273.

Emmons, R. A. (1986). Personal strivings: An approach to personality and subjective well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1058-1068.

Eccles, J. Who am I and what am I going to do with my life? Personal and collective identities as motivators of action. Educational Psychologist, 44, 78-89.

Elliot, A. J., Chirkov, V. I., Kim, Y., & Sheldon, K. M. (2001). A cross-cultural analysis of avoidance (relative to approach) personal goals. Psychological Science, 12, 505-510.

Elliott, A. J., Thrash, T.M., & Murayama, K. (2011). A longitudinal analysis of self-regulation and well-being: Avoidance personality goals, avoidance coping, stress generation, and subjective well-being. Journal of Personality, 79, 643-674.

Emmons, R. A., & McAdams, D. P. (1991). Personal strivings and motive dispositions: Exploring the links. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 6, 648-654.

Fischer, R., & Boer, D. (2014). Motivational Basis of Personality Traits: A Meta‐Analysis of Value‐Personality Correlations. Journal of personality.

Higgins, E. T. (1987). Self-discrepancy: A theory relating self and affect. Psychological Review, 94, 319-340.

Hofer, J. & Busch, H. (2011). When the needs for affiliation and intimacy are frustrated: Envy and indirect aggression among German and Cameroonian adults. Journal of Research in Personality, 45, 19-228.

Johnson, R. E., Chang, C.-H., Meyer, T., Lanaj, K. and Way, J. (2013), Approaching Success or Avoiding Failure? Approach and Avoidance Motives in the Work Domain. Eur. J. Pers., 27: 424–441. doi:10.1002/per.1883

Kordik, A., Eska, K., & Schultheiss, O.C. (2012). Implicit need for affiliation is associated with increased corrugator activity in a non-positive, but not in a positive social interaction. Journal of Research in Personality, 46, 604-608.

Little, B. R. (2014). The Integrative Challenge in Personality Science: Personal Projects as Units of Analysis. Journal of Research in Personality.

Malka, A., Soto, C. J., Inzlicht, M., & Lelkes, Y. (2014). Do needs for security and certainty predict cultural and economic conservatism? A cross-national analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 106(6), 1031-1051.

McCabe, K. O., Van Yperen, N. W., Elliot, A. J., & Verbraak, M. (2013). Big Five personality profiles of context-specific achievement goals. Journal of Research in Personality, 47(6), 698-707.

Nagengast, B., Marsh, H.W., Scalas, L.F., Xu, M.K., Hua, K., & Trautwein, U. (2011). Who took the “x” out of Expectancy Value Theory? A psychological mystery, a substantive-methodological synergy, and a cross-national generalization. Psychological Science.

Salmela-Aro, K., Read, S., Nurmi, J., Vuoksimaa, E., Siltala, M., Dick, D.M., Pulkkinen, L., Kaprio, J., Rose, R.J. (2012). Personal goals and personality traits among young adults: Genetic and environmental effects. Journal of Research in Personality, 46, 248-257.

Schultheiss, O. C., Wiemers, U. S., & Wolf, O. T. (2014). Implicit need for achievement predicts attenuated cortisol responses to difficult tasks. Journal of Research in Personality, 48, 84-92.

Sheldon, K. M., Ryan, R. M., Deci, E. L., & Kasser, T. (2004). The independent effects of goal contents and motives on well-being: It’s both what you pursue and why you pursue it. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30, 475–486.

Slabbinck, H., De Houwer, J. and Van Kenhove, P. (2013), Convergent, Discriminant, and Incremental Validity of the Pictorial Attitude Implicit Association Test and the Picture Story Exercise as Measures of the Implicit Power Motive. Eur. J. Pers., 27: 30–38. doi:10.1002/per.1846

Spurk, D., & Abele, A.E. (2011). Who earns more and why? A multiple mediation model from personality to salary. Journal of Business Psychology, 26, 87-103.

Su, R., & Rounds J. (in press). All STEM fields are not created equal: People and things interests explain gender disparities across STEM fields.  Frontiers in Psychology.

Feb 25: Abilities

Deary, I. J. (2011). Intelligence. Annual Review of Psychology, 63, 453–82.

Deary, I. J., Whiteman, M. C., Starr, J. M., Whalley, L. J., & Fox, H. C. (2004). The Impact of Childhood Intelligence on Later Life: Following Up the Scottish Mental Surveys of 1932 and 1947. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 130-147.

DeYoung, C. G. (2011). Intelligence and personality. In R. J. Sternberg & S. B. Kaufman (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of intelligence (pp. 711–737). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Kaplan, J.S., (2012). The effects of shared environment on adult intelligence: A critical review of adoption, twin, and MZA studies. Developmental Psychology, 48, 1292-1298.

Kuncel, N.R., & Hezlett, S.A. (2010). Fact and fiction in cognitive ability testing for admissions and hiring decisions. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 19, 339-345.

Kuncel, N. R., Hezlett, S. A., & Ones, D. S. (2004). Academic Performance, Career Potential, Creativity, and Job Performance: Can One Construct Predict Them All? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 148-161.

Johnson, W., & Bouchard, T. J. Jr. (2005). The structure of human intelligence: It is verbal, perceptual, and image rotation (VPR), not fluid and crystallized. Intelligence, 33, 393-416.

Joseph, D.L., & Newman, D.A. (2010). Emotional intelligence: An integrative meta-analysis and cascading model. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95, 54-78.

Major, J. T., Johnson, W., & Deary, I. J. (2014). Linear and nonlinear associations between general intelligence and personality in project TALENT. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 106(4), 638-654.

Mussel, P. (2013). Intellect: A theoretical framework for personality traits related to intellectual achievements. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104(5), 885-906.

Nisbett, R.E., Aronson, J., Blair, C., Dickens, W., Flynn, J., Halpern, D.F., Turkheimer, E. (2012). Intelligence: New findings and theoretical developments. American Psychologist, 67, 130-159.

Sackett, P.R., Kuncel, N.R., Beatty, A.S., Rigdon, J.L., Shen, W., & Kiger, T.B. (2012). The role of socioeconomic status in SAT-grade relationships and in college admissions decisions. Psychological Science, 23, 1000-1007.

March 4: Narratives

Adler, J.M. (2012). Living into the story: Agency and coherence in a longitudinal study of narrative identity development and mental health over the course of psychotherapy. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102, 367-389.

Cox, K., & McAdams, D. P. (2014). Meaning making during high and low point life story episodes predicts emotion regulation two years later: How the past informs the future. Journal of Research in Personality, 50, 66-70.

Demorest, A. P. (2013). The role of scripts in psychological maladjustment and psychotherapy. Journal of personality, 81(6), 583-594.

Manczak, E. M., Zapata-Gietl, C., & McAdams, D. P. (2014). Regulatory focus in the life story: Prevention and promotion as expressed in three layers of personality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 106(1), 169-181.

McAdams, D. P. (2001). The psychology of life stories. Review of General Psychology, 5, 100-122.

McAdams, D. P. (2008). Personal Narratives and the Life Story. HPTR, Chapter 8

McAdams, D., Reynolds, J., Lewis, M., Patten, A., & Bowman, P. (2001). When bad things turn good and good things turn bad: Sequences of redemption and contamination in life narratives and their relation to psychosocial adaptation in midlife adults and in students. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 474-485.

McLean, K. C., Pasupathi, M., & Pals, J. L. (2007). Selves creating stories creating selves: A process model of self-development. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 11, 262-278.

Lodi-Smith, J. L., Geise, A. C., Roberts, B. W., & Robins, R. W. (2009). Narrating personality change: Antecedences and consequences of personality change narratives in young adulthood. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96, 679-689.

Matsuba, M.K., Pratt, M.W., Norris, J.E., Mohle, E., Alisat, S., & McAdams, D.P. (2012). Environmentalism as a context for expressing identity and generativity: Patterns among activists and uninvolved youth and midlife adults. Journal of Personality, 80, 1091-1115.

Nelson, P.A., & Thorne, A. (2012). Personality and metaphor use: How extraverted and introverted young adults experience becoming friends. European Journal of Personality, 26, 600-612.

Pals, J.L. (2006). Narrative identity processing of difficult life experiences: Pathways of personality developmentand positive self-transformation in adulthood. Journal of Personality, 74, 1079-1109.

Singer, J. A., Blagov, P., Berry, M., & Oost, K. M. (2013). Self‐Defining Memories, Scripts, and the Life Story: Narrative Identity in Personality and Psychotherapy. Journal of personality, 81(6), 569-582.

Wilt, J., Olson, B.D., & McAdams, D.P. (2011). Higher-order factors of the Big Five predict exploration and threat in life stories. Journal of Research in Personality, 45, 613-621.

Etiology, Development, and Aging

March 11: Evolutionary personality psychology

Baams, L., Overbeek, G., van de Bongardt, D., Reitz, E., Dubas, J. S., & van Aken, M. A. (2014). Adolescents’ and their friends’ sexual behavior and intention: Selection effects of personality dimensions. Journal of Research in Personality.

Buss, D. (2008). Human nature and individual differences: The evolution of human personality. In O. P. John, R. W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin (Eds.), Handbook of personality: Theory and research (pp. 29-60). New York: Guilford.

Dall, S.R.X., Houston, A.I., Mcnamara, J.M. (2004) The behavioural ecology of personality: Consistent individual differences from an adaptive perspective. Ecology Letters, 7, 734-739.

Fraley, R. C., Brumbaugh, C. C., & Marks, M. J. (2005). The evolution and function of adult attachment: A comparative and phylogenetic analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 731-746.

Hawley, P. (2014). Ontogeny and Social Dominance: A Developmental View of Human Power Patterns.  Evolutionary Psychology, 12, 318-342.

Hutteman, R., Bleidorn, W., Penke, L., & Denissen, J. J. (2013). It takes two: A longitudinal dyadic study on predictors of fertility outcomes. Journal of personality, 81(5), 487-498.

Lukaszewski, A. W. (2013), Testing an Adaptationist Theory of Trait Covariation: Relative Bargaining Power as a Common Calibrator of an Interpersonal Syndrome. Eur. J. Pers., 27: 328–345. doi:10.1002/per.1908

Machluf, K., Liddle, J. R., & Bjorklund, D. F. (2014). An introduction to evolutionary developmental psychology. Evolutionary Psychology, 12(2), 264-272.

Nettle, D. (2006). The evolution of personality variation in humans and other animals. American Psychologist, 61, 622-631.

Penke, L., Denissen, J. J. A., & Miller, G. F. (2007). The evolutionary genetics of personality. European Journal of Personality, 21, 549-587.

Sherman, R. A., Figueredo, A. J., & Funder, D. C. (2013). The behavioral correlates of overall and distinctive life history strategy. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 105(5), 873-888.

Sundie, J.M., Kenrick, D.T., Griskevicius, V., Tybur, J.M., Vohs, K.D., Beal, D.J. (2010). Peacocks, Porsches, and Thorstein Veblen: Conspicuous consumption as a sexual signaling system. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Trivers, R.L. (1971). The evolution of reciprocal altruism. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 46, 35-57.

Tybur, J.M., Lieberman, D., & Griskevicius, V. (2009). Microbes, mating, and morality: Individual differences in three functional domains of disgust. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97, 103-122.

Wolf, M., van Doorn, G. S., Leimar, O., & Weissing, F. J., (2007). Life history trade-offs favor the evolution of animal personalities. Nature, 447, 581-584.

March 18: Genetics of personality 

Allan, N. P., Mikolajewski, A. J., Lonigan, C. J., Hart, S. A., & Taylor, J. (2014). Examining the etiological associations among higher-order temperament dimensions. Journal of research in personality, 48, 51-60.

Bates, T.C., & Lewis, G.J. (2012). Towards a genetically informed approach in the social sciences: Strengths and opportunities. Personality and Individual Differences, 53, 374-380.

Burt et al., (2010). Does marriage inhibit antisocial behavior.  Archives of General Psychiatry, 67, 1309-1315.

Chabris, C.F., Hebert, B.M., et al. (2012). Most reported genetic associations with general intelligence are probably false positives. Psychological Science.

Chabris, C.F. et al. (2013).  Why it is hard to find genes associated with social science traits: Theoretical and empirical considerations.  American Journal of Public Health. 103

Cole, S.W. (2010). Elevating the perspective on human stress genomics. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 35, 955-962.

Charney, E. (2012). Behavior genetics and post genomics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences.

Gibson, G. (2012). Rare and common variants: Twenty arguments. Nature Reviews, 13, 135-145.

Hahn, E., Johnson, W., & Spinath, F. M. (2013). Beyond the heritability of life satisfaction–The roles of personality and twin-specific influences. Journal of Research in Personality, 47(6), 757-767.

Houts, R.M., Caspi, A., Pianta, R.C., Arseneault, L., & Moffitt, T.E. (2010). The challenging pupil in the classroom: The effect of the child on the teacher. Psychological Science.

Johnson, W., Penke, L., Spinath, F.M. (2011). Heritability in the era of molecular genetics: Some thoughts for understanding genetic influences on behavioral traits. European Journal of Personality, 25, 254-266

Kandler, C., Bleidorn, W., Riemann, R., Angleitner, A., & Spinath, F. (2012). Life events as environmental states and genetic traits and the role of personality: A longitudinal twin study. Behavior Genetic s, 42, 57–72. doi: 10.1007/s10519-011-9491-0s

Kendler, K.S., Eaves, L.J., Loken, E.K., Pederson, N.L., Middledorp, C.M., Reynolds, C., Boomsa, D., Lictenstein, P., Silberg, J., & Gardner, C.O. (2012). The impact of environmental experiences on symptoms of anxiety and depression across the life span. Psychological Science.

Krueger, R. F. & Johnson, W. (2008). Behavioral Genetics and Personality: A New Look at the Integration of Nature and Nurture. HPTR, Chapter 10.

Lewis, G. J., & Bates, T. C. (2013). Common genetic influences underpin religiosity, community integration, and existential uncertainty. Journal of Research in Personality, 47(4), 398-405.

McGue, M. (2010). The end of behavioral genetics? Behavior Genetics, 40, 284-296.

Miller, G.E., Chen, E., Fok, A.K., Walker, H., Lim, A., Nicholls, E.F., Cole, S., & Kobar, M.S. (2009). Low early-life social class leaves a biological residue manifested by decreased clucocorticoid and increased proinflammatory signaling. Proceedings of the National Academies of Science, 106, 14716-14721.

Munafo, M.R., & Flint, J. (2011). Dissecting the genetic architecture of human personality. Trends in Cognitive Science, 15, 395-400.

Riemann, R., Kandler, C., & Bleidorn, W. (2012). Behavioral genetic analysis of parent twin relationship quality. Personality and Individual Differences.

South, S. C., & Krueger, R. F. (2008). An interactionist perspective on genetic and environmental contributions to personality. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 2, 929-948.

Spengler, M., Gottschling, J., Spinath, F.M. (2012). Personality in childhood—A longitudinal behavior genetic approach. Personality and Individual Differences, 53, 411-416.

Zayed, A., & Robinson, G.E. (2012). Understanding the relation between brain gene expression and social behavior: Lessons from the Honey Bee.  Annual Review of Genetics, 46, 591-615.

March 25: Spring Break

April 1: Personality development: Overviews and Continuity

Fraley, C., & Roberts, B. W. (2005). Patterns of Continuity: A Dynamic Model for Conceptualizing the Stability of Individual Differences in Psychological Constructs Across the Life Course. Psychological Review, 112, 60-74.

Kandler, C., Bleidorn, W., Riemann, R., Spinath, F. M., Thiel, W., & Angleitner, A. (2010). Sources of cumulative continuity in personality: A longitudinal multiple-rater twin study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98, 995–1008. doi: 10.1037/a0019558

Low, D. K., S., Yoon, M., Roberts, B. W., & Rounds. J. (2005). The stability of interests from early adolescence to middle adulthood: A quantitative review of longitudinal studies. Psychological Bulletin, 131, 713-737.

McAdams, D.P. & Olson, B.D. (2010). Personality development: Continuity and change over the life course. Annual Review of Psychology, 61, 517-542.

Roberts, B.W., & DelVecchio, W.F. (2000). The rank-order consistency of personality traits from childhood to old age: A quantitative review of longitudinal studies. Psychological Bulletin, 126, 3-25.

Roberts, B. W., Walton, K. & Viechtbauer, W. (2006). Patterns of mean-Level change in personality traits across the life course: A meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Psychological Bulletin, 132, 1-25.

Roberts, B. W., Wood, D., & Smith, J. L. (2005). Evaluating the five factor theory and social investment perspective on personality trait development. Journal of Research in Personality, 39, 166-184.

Roberts, B.W. & Mroczek, D. (2008). Personality trait change in adulthood. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17, 31-35.

Roberts, B.W., Wood, D, & Caspi, A. (2008). The development of personality traits in adulthood. In O.P. John, R.W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin (Eds.), Handbook of personality: theory and research (3rd edition, Ch 14, pp. 375-398). New York, NY: Guilford.

Specht, J., Bleidorn, W., Denissen, J. J. A., Hennecke, M., Hutteman, R., Kandler, C., Luhmann, M., Orth, U., Reitz, A. K. and Zimmermann, J. (2014), What Drives Adult Personality Development? A Comparison of Theoretical Perspectives and Empirical Evidence. Eur. J. Pers., 28: 216–230. doi:10.1002/per.1966

April 8: EJP special issue on Personality Development

Bleidorn, W., Kandler, C. and Caspi, A. (2014), The Behavioral Genetics of Personality Development in Adulthood—Classic, Contemporary, and Future Trends. Eur. J. Pers., 28: 244–255. doi:10.1002/per.1957

Denissen, J. J. A. (2014), A Roadmap for Further Progress in Research on Personality Development. Eur. J. Pers., 28: 213–215. doi:10.1002/per.1967

Hennecke, M., Bleidorn, W., Denissen, J. J. A. and Wood, D. (2014), A Three‐Part Framework for Self‐Regulated Personality Development across Adulthood. Eur. J. Pers., 28: 289–299. doi:10.1002/per.1945

Hutteman, R., Hennecke, M., Orth, U., Reitz, A. K. and Specht, J. (2014), Developmental Tasks as a Framework to Study Personality Development in Adulthood and Old Age. Eur. J. Pers., 28: 267–278. doi:10.1002/per.1959

Jackson, J. J. and Allemand, M. (2014), Moving Personality Development Research Forward: Applications Using Structural Equation Models. Eur. J. Pers., 28: 300–310. doi:10.1002/per.1964

Kandler, C., Zimmermann, J. and McAdams, D. P. (2014), Core and Surface Characteristics for the Description and Theory of Personality Differences and Development. Eur. J. Pers., 28: 231–243. doi:10.1002/per.1952

Luhmann, M., Orth, U., Specht, J., Kandler, C. and Lucas, R. E. (2014), Studying Changes in Life Circumstances and Personality: It’s About Time. Eur. J. Pers., 28: 256–266. doi:10.1002/per.1951

Reitz, A. K., Zimmermann, J., Hutteman, R., Specht, J. and Neyer, F. J. (2014), How Peers Make a Difference: The Role of Peer Groups and Peer Relationships in Personality Development. Eur. J. Pers., 28: 279–288. doi:10.1002/per.1965

Specht, J., Bleidorn, W., Denissen, J. J. A., Hennecke, M., Hutteman, R., Kandler, C., Luhmann, M., Orth, U., Reitz, A. K. and Zimmermann, J. (2014), What Drives Adult Personality Development? A Comparison of Theoretical Perspectives and Empirical Evidence. Eur. J. Pers., 28: 216–230. doi:10.1002/per.1966


April 15 (and maybe the 22nd): Developmental Psychology Special Issue: Conscientiousness and Healthy Aging. 2014 Volume 50, Issue 5 (May)

Reiss, David; Eccles, Jacquelynne S.; Nielsen, Lisbeth Conscientiousness and public health: Synthesizing current research to promote healthy aging.
Pages 1303-1314

Roberts, Brent W.; Lejuez, Carl; Krueger, Robert F.; Richards, Jessica M.; Hill, Patrick L. What is conscientiousness and how can it be assessed?
Pages 1315-1330

Eisenberg, Nancy; Duckworth, Angela L.; Spinrad, Tracy L.; Valiente, Carlos. Conscientiousness: Origins in childhood? Pages 1331-1349

Drake, Kim; Belsky, Jay; Fearon, R. M. Pasco From early attachment to engagement with learning in school: The role of self-regulation and
persistence. Pages 1350-1361

South, Susan C.; Krueger, Robert F. Genetic strategies for probing conscientiousness and its relationship to aging. Pages 1362-1376

Friedman, Howard S.; Kern, Margaret L.; Hampson, Sarah E.; Duckworth, Angela Lee. A new life-span approach to conscientiousness and health: Combining the pieces of the causal puzzle. Pages 1377-1389

Kern, Margaret L.; Hampson, Sarah E.; Goldberg, Lewis R.; Friedman, Howard S. Integrating prospective longitudinal data: Modeling personality and health in the Terman Life Cycle and Hawaii Longitudinal Studies. Pages 1390-1406

Shanahan, Michael J.; Hill, Patrick L.; Roberts, Brent W.; Eccles, Jacquelynne; Friedman, Howard. Conscientiousness, health, and aging: The Life Course of Personality Model. Pages 1407-1425

Chapman, Benjamin P.; Hampson, Sarah; Clarkin, John. Personality-informed interventions for healthy aging: Conclusions from a National Institute on
Aging work group. Pages 1426-1441

Magidson, Jessica F.; Roberts, Brent W.; Collado-Rodriguez, Anahi; Lejuez, C. W. Theory-driven intervention for changing personality: Expectancy value theory, behavioral activation, and conscientiousness. Pages 1442-1450

Conti, Gabriella; Heckman, James J. Understanding conscientiousness across the life course: An economic perspective. Pages 1451-1459

Costanzo, Philip R. Conscientiousness in life course context: A commentary. Pages 1460-1464

Patrick, Christopher J. Understanding the role of conscientiousness in healthy aging: Where does the brain come in? Pages 1465-1469

Mroczek, Daniel K. Personality plasticity, healthy aging, and interventions. Pages 1470-1474

Israel, Salomon; Moffitt, Terrie E. Assessing conscientious personality in primary care: An opportunity for prevention and health promotion. Pages 1475-1477

English, Tammy; Carstensen, Laura L. Will interventions targeting conscientiousness improve aging outcomes? Pages 1478-1481


April 22: Personality and Clinical

Bornovalova, M. A., Huibregtse, B. M., Hicks, B. M., Keyes, M., McGue, M., & Iacono, W. (2013). Tests of a direct effect of childhood abuse on adult borderline personality disorder traits: a longitudinal discordant twin design. Journal of abnormal psychology, 122(1), 180.

Gunderson, J.G. (2010). Commentary on “Personality Traits and the Classification of Mental Disorders: Toward a More Complete Integration in DSM-5 and an Empirical Model of Psychopathology”.  Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment.

Krueger, R.F., & Eaton, N.R. (2010).  Personality Traits and the Classification of Mental Disorders: Toward a More Complete Integration in DSM–V and an Empirical Model of Psychopathology.  Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment.

Lynam, D. R., & Miller, J. D. (2014). Psychopathy from a Basic Trait Perspective: The Utility of a Five‐Factor Model Approach. Journal of personality.

Skodol, A.E., Morey, L.C., Bender, D.S., & Oldham, J.M. (2013). The ironic fate of personality disorders in the DSM V.  Personality disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 4, 342-349.

Skodol, A.E., Morey, L.C., Bender, D.S., & Oldham, J.M. (2013). When Is It Time to Move On? Rejoinder for “The Ironic Fate of the Personality Disorders in DSM-5”.  Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 4, 354.

Silk, K.R. (2013).  Caught in the unconscious split: Commentary on “The ironic fate of personality disorders in the DSM V.” Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 4, 350-351.

Spinhoven, P., van der Does, W., Ormel, J., Zitman, F. G. and Penninx, B. W. (2013), Confounding of Big Five Personality Assessments in Emotional Disorders by Comorbidity and Current Disorder. Eur. J. Pers., 27: 389–397. doi:10.1002/per.1885

Widiger, T. A., & Presnall, J. R. (2013). Clinical Application of the Five‐Factor Model. Journal of personality, 81(6), 515-527.

Zimmerman, M. (2013).  What Is Ironic About Wanting Empirical Support to Justify Changes in Diagnostic Criteria? Commentary on “The Ironic Fate of the Personality Disorders in DSM-5” Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 4, 352-353.


April 29: Person perception

Carlson, E. N., Vazire, S., & Oltmanns, T. F. (2012). Self‐Other Knowledge Asymmetries in Personality Pathology. Journal of Personality.

Connelly, B. S., & Ones, D. S. (2010). An other perspective on personality: Meta-analytic integration of observers’ accuracy and predictive validity. Psychological Bulletin, 136(6), 1092-1122.

Connelly, B. S., & Hülsheger, U. R. (2012). A Narrower Scope or a Clearer Lens for Personality? Examining Sources of Observers’ Advantages Over Self‐Reports for Predicting Performance. Journal of Personality, 80(3), 603-631.

Funder, D. C. (2012). Accurate personality judgment. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21(3), 177-182.

Human, L. J., Biesanz, J. C., Parisotto, K. L., & Dunn, E. W. (2012). Your Best Self Helps Reveal Your True Self Positive Self-Presentation Leads to More Accurate Personality Impressions. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 3(1), 23-30.

Kashdan, T. B., Sherman, R. A., Yarbro, J., & Funder, D. C. (2013). How Are Curious People Viewed and How Do They Behave in Social Situations? From the Perspectives of Self, Friends, Parents, and Unacquainted Observers. Journal of Personality

Ott-Holland, C.J., Huang, J.L., Ryan, A.M., Elizondo, F., Wadlington, P.L. (2014).  The effects of culture and gender on perceived self-other similarity in personality.  Journal of Research in Personality, 53, 13-21.

Schneider, L., Schimmack, U., Petrican, R., & Walker, S. (2010). Acquaintanceship length as a moderator of self-informant agreement in life-satisfaction ratings. Journal of Research in Personality, 44(1), 146-150.

Sherman, R. A., Nave, C. S., & Funder, D. C. (2010). Situational similarity and personality predict behavioral consistency. Journal of personality and social psychology, 99(2), 330-343.

Vazire, S., & Mehl, M. R. (2008). Knowing me, knowing you: The accuracy and unique predictive validity of self and other ratings of daily behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 1202-1216.

Vazire, S. (2006). Informant reports: A cheap, fast, and easy method for personality assessment. Journal of Research in Personality, 40, 472-481.

Vazire, S. (2010). Who knows what about a person? The self-other knowledge asymmetry (SOKA) model. Journal of personality and social psychology, 98(2), 281-300.

Vazire, Simine, and Erika N. Carlson. “Others sometimes know us better than we know ourselves.” Current Directions in Psychological Science 20.2 (2011): 104-108.

Vazire, S., & Carlson, E. N. (2011). Others sometimes know us better than we know ourselves. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20(2), 104-108.

Wood, D., Harms, P. D., & Vazire, S. (2010). Perceiver effects as projective tests: What your perceptions of others say about you. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99.


May 6: Personality and I/Oish stuff

Cohen, T. R., Panter, A. T., Turan, N., Morse, L., & Kim, Y. (2014). Moral character in the workplace. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,107, 943-963.

Damian, R.I., Su, R., Shanahan, M., Trautwein, U. & Roberts, B.W. (in press). Can personality traits and intelligence compensate for background disadvantage? Predicting status attainment in adulthood. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Nandkeolyar, A. K., Shaffer, J. A., Li, A., Ekkirala, S., & Bagger, J. (2014). Surviving an abusive supervisor: The joint roles of conscientiousness and coping strategies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 99(1), 138.

Sackett, P. R., & Walmsley, P. T. (2014). Which Personality Attributes Are Most Important in the Workplace?. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 9(5), 538-551.




Personality process and person-situation issues

Boyce, C. J., & Wood, A. M. (2011). Personality Prior to Disability Determines Adaptation Agreeable Individuals Recover Lost Life Satisfaction Faster and More Completely. Psychological science, 22(11), 1397-1402.

Ching, C. M., Church, A. T., Katigbak, M. S., Reyes, J. A. S., Tanaka-Matsumi, J., Takaoka, S., … & Ortiz, F. A. (2014). The manifestation of traits in everyday behavior and affect: A five-culture study. Journal of Research in Personality, 48, 1-16.

Erickson, T. M., Newman, M. G., Peterson, J., & Scarsella, G. (2014). Ambivalence About Interpersonal Problems and Traits Predicts Cross‐Situational Variability of Social Behavior. Journal of personality.

Fleeson, W. (2001). Toward a structure- and process-integrated view of personality: Traits as density distributions of states. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 80, 1011-1027

Fleeson, W. (2004). Moving personality beyond the person-situation debate: The challenge and opportunity of within-person variability. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13, 83–87.

Fournier, M. A., Moskowitz, D. S., & Zuroff, D. C., (2008). Integrating dispositions, signatures, and the interpersonal domain. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 94, 531–545.

Funder, D. C. (2009). Persons, behaviors, and situations: An agenda for personality psychology in the postwar era. Journal of Research in Personality, 43, 120-126.

Johnson, J. A. (1999). Persons in situations: Distinguishing new wine from old wine in new bottles. European Journal of Personality, 13, 443-453.

Marshall, M. A., & Brown, J. D. (2006). Trait aggressiveness and situational provocation: A test of the traits as situational sensitivities (TASS) model. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32, 1110-1113.

Moscowitz, D.S., & Zuroff, D.C. (2004). Flux, pulse, and spin: Dynamic additions to the personality lexicon. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 880-893.

Mussel, P., Göritz, A. S., & Hewig, J. (2013). Which choice is the rational one? An investigation of need for cognition in the ultimatum game. Journal of Research in Personality, 47(5), 588-591.

Oerlemans, W. G., & Bakker, A. B. (2014). Why extravert are happier: A day reconstruction study. Journal of Research in Personality, 50, 11-22.

Robinson, M. D., & Clore, D. L. (2007). Traits, states, and encoding speed: Support for a top-down view of neuroticism/state relations. Journal of Personality, 75, 95-120

Sheldon, K. M., Ryan, R. M., Deci, E. L., & Kasser, T. (2004). The independent effects of goal contents and motives on well-being:It’s both what you pursue and why you pursue it. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30, 475–486.

Sherman, R. A., Nave, C. S., & Funder, D. C. (2013). Situational construal is related to personality and gender. Journal of Research in Personality, 47(1), 1-14.

Slobodskaya, H. R., Akhmetova, O. A., & Rippinen, T. O. (2014). Does personality matter more in difficult circumstances?. Journal of Research in Personality, 48, 33-44.

Stürmer, S., Benbow, A. E. F., Siem, B., Barth, M., Bodansky, A. N., & Lotz-Schmitt, K. (2013). Psychological foundations of xenophilia: The role of major personality traits in predicting favorable attitudes toward cross-cultural contact and exploration. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 105(5), 832-851. doi:

Van Egeren, L. F. (2009). A cybernetic model of global personality traits. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 13, 92-108.

Wilt, J. Nofle, E.E., Fleeson, W., & Spain, J.S. (2011). The dynamic role of personality states in mediating the relationship between extraversion and positive affect. Journal of Personality, 80, 1205-1236.

Zinkernagel, A., Hofmann, W., Gerstenberg, F. X. R. and Schmitt, M. (2013), On the Road to the Unconscious Self: Understanding when People Gain Self‐knowledge of Implicit Disgust Sensitivity from Behavioural Cues. Eur. J. Pers., 27: 355–376. doi:10.1002/per.1910

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